How old is Yorubaland? (2024)

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How old is Yorubaland?

The Yoruba-speaking peoples share a rich and complex heritage that is at least one thousand years old. Today 18 million Yoruba live primarily in the modern nations of southwestern Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.

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(HomeTeam History)
How old is Yoruba civilization?

The historical Yoruba develop in situ, out of earlier (Mesolithic) Volta-Niger populations, by the 1st millennium BC. Archaeologically, the settlement at Ile-Ife can be dated to the 4th century BC, with urban structures appearing in the 8th-10th Centuries.

(Video) Who Are The Yoruba People?
Does Yorubaland exist?

Yorubaland (Yoruba: Ilẹ̀ Káàárọ̀-Oòjíire) is the homeland and cultural region of the Yoruba people in West Africa. It spans the modern-day countries of Nigeria, Togo and Benin, and covers a total land area of 142,114 km2 or about 60% of the land area of Ghana.

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Where is Yorubaland in Nigeria?

The bulk of the Yoruba currently live in southwest Nigeria, in six states: Ekiti, Ogun, Oyo, Osun, Ondo, and Lagos (Figure 1.2). Large populations of Yoruba people are also in the Kwara and Kogi states in north-central Nigeria.

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What is the history of Yorubaland?

Yorubaland is the cultural region of the Yoruba people in West Africa. It spans the modern-day countries of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin. Its pre-modern history is based largely on oral traditions and legends. According to Yoruba religion, Oduduwa became the ancestor of the first divine king of the Yoruba.

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Who is the first Oba in Yorubaland?

When Oranmiyan left Benin, Eweka became the first Oba of Benin in 1200AD. Oba Eweka I stated the reign of the Obas in Benin kingdom. Hitherto, the kings were known as Ogiso but when Eweka I came as a king, he was referred to as Oba. The word Oba is a Yoruba word which means king.

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Who is the father of Yorubaland?

Opeyemi Adeyemo. The Yoruba people and descendant are black people who occupies the south-western area of Nigeria in Africa. The origin and existence of the Yoruba race can be traced to their ancient father ODUDUWA who migrated from the ancient city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

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What is the original name of Yoruba?

Yoruba came from the term Yariba which the earliest Hausa/Fulani that had contact with Oyo people called the Oyos. Then, they saw Oyo people as very cunning and not straightforward. In Awde's dictionary of Hausa, Yariba means cunning and deceitful.

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Where did Yoruba come from?

The Yoruba are among the most storied groups in Africa. Their ancestral homeland cuts across present-day southwest Nigeria, Benin Republic and Togo in West Africa.

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Is Yoruba now a country?

Yoruba, one of the three largest ethnic groups of Nigeria, concentrated in the southwestern part of that country. Much smaller, scattered groups live in Benin and northern Togo. The Yoruba numbered more than 20 million at the turn of the 21st century.


Who is God in Yoruba?

Olorun (Yoruba alphabet: Ọlọrun) is the ruler of (or in) the Heavens in the Yoruba religion. The Supreme God or Supreme Being in the Yoruba pantheon, Olorun is also called Olodumare (Yoruba alphabet: Olódùmarè).

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(TVC News Nigeria)
What does Yoruba mean?

Noun. Yoruba (plural Yoruba or Yorubas) (chiefly in the plural) A member of an ethnic group or tribe living mainly in southwest Nigeria, southern Benin, and eastern Togo and, as well as in communities elsewhere in West Africa, Brazil and Cuba.

How old is Yorubaland? (2024)
Who named Yoruba?

John Raban's 1832 book titled The Vocabulary of the Eyo, or Aku, a Dialect of West Africa is perhaps the first to mention the name “Yoruba” in writing. Then in 1843, Samuel Ajayi Crowther published A Vocabulary of the Yoruba Language.

How many states are in Yorubaland?

Eight states are in Yorubaland.

Did Yoruba come from Egypt?

Since the Nubians descended from the Egyptians, the Ijebu, and by extension, all Yoruba customs, derived from the Egyptian as well. Many traditional Yorubas have always claimed Egypt as their place of original abode, and that their monarchical tradition derives from the Egyptians.

Who is the first person in Yorubaland?

According to him, Oduduwa was the original ancestor of the Yoruba race because Yoruba oral traditions teach that the Yorubas originated from Oduduwa (Johnson 1921:15).

How many Yoruba are in Nigeria?

The Yoruba constitute approximately 35 percent of Nigeria's total population, and around 40 million individuals throughout the region of West Africa. While the majority of the Yoruba live in western Nigeria, there are also substantial indigenous Yoruba communities in Benin, Ghana, Togo and the Caribbean.

Is Lagos Yorubaland?

Lagos initially emerged as a home to the Awori subgroup of the Yoruba of West Africa and later emerged as a port city of the Benin Empire that originated on a collection of islands, which are contained in the present day Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Lagos Island, Eti-Osa, Amuwo-Odofin and Apapa.

Who is the Queen of Yorubaland?

Moremi Ajasoro (Yoruba: Mọremí Àjàṣorò) was a legendary Yoruba queen and folk heroine in the Yorubaland region of present-day southwestern Nigeria who is fabled to have assisted in the liberation of the Yoruba kingdom of Ife from the neighbouring Ugbo Kingdom.

Who is the longest king in Yorubaland?

Ọba Sikiru Kayọde Adetọna

What do Yoruba call king?

Oba means ″ruler″ in the Yoruba and Bini languages of West Africa. Kings in Yorubaland, a region which is in the modern republics of Benin, Nigeria and Togo, make use of it as a pre-nominal honorific.

Which country owns Yoruba?

Yorùbá is one of the three main languages spoken in Nigeria; the most populous country in Africa. It is believed that the Yorùbá constitute about 30 million individuals throughout the region of West Africa.

Is there a female king in Yorubaland?

Yoruba tradition precludes a princess from becoming a king, but many of them have been installed regents or stop-gap kings in many towns and cities across the Southwest.

Is Yoruba The owner of Lagos?

If you say the indigenous people of Lagos State are the Awori, then the Awori are the Bini. We must put history in its right perspective. The right perspective is that Lagos does not belong to the Yoruba; it belongs to the Bini.

Is Yoruba older than Christianity?

Yoruban religion is centuries older than Christianity. It crossed the Atlantic with the slave ships, and it evolved into Macumba, Condomble, santeria and voodoo. Yorubans worship one Supreme Being called Olorun, who rules the universe.

Did Yoruba come from Igbo?

The Yoruba and the Igbo share a lot more than similar mythic origins. They are the oldest inhabitants of the areas they live in. In other words, the Yoruba and the Igbo are indigenous to the geographical area called “Nigeria”. And it has also been argued that both groups are of a singular ancestry.

Are Yorubas Arabs?

The history confirms the statement that the present Yoruba tribes were from four origins i.e. Negroes, Nubians, Berbers and Arab, while the last three were to have known to have dwelt in Egypt, took from their languages and cultures and carried them to Yoruba land.

Who created humans in Yoruba?

The humans created by Obatala come together to form the first Yoruba Village in Ife. Obatala returns to the sky–thereafter, he splits his time between Ife and his home in the sky. Obatala's kingdom of Ife was created without Olokun's permission. As such, Olokun becomes very angry.

Is Yoruba the first language in the world?

So, as far back as those periods, the Yoruba people had been civilised. And that was the reason Yoruba was the first language ever to be spoken by anybody in the whole world.

What race are Yoruba people?

They are an African ethnic group that lives in western Africa. October 1st was chosen to coincide the article with Nigeria's independence. Documented since 1200, the Yoruba are mainly Nigeria, Togo, Ghana, and Benin. The Yoruba constitute about 44 million people in total.

How many countries have Yoruba?

Yoruba is spoken in the West African countries of Nigeria, Benin Republic, and parts of Togo and Sierra Leone, therefore constituting one of the largest single languages in sub-Saharan Africa.

Is Yoruba spoken in USA?

Like Swahili, Yoruba is a common African language spoken in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. DFW has the fifth-largest African migrant population at 64,000, and 18,000 of those are Nigerian.

What language is closest to Yoruba?

As the principal Yoruboid language, Yoruba is most closely related to the languages Itsekiri (spoken in the Niger Delta), Edo (spoken in Edo State) and Igala (spoken in central Nigeria).

How many gods has Yoruba?

There are at least 401 recognized Orisha, or gods, in the Yoruba pantheon. Many of these Orisha are localized ancestral spirits or nature gods and are worshiped in relatively small areas. Others are universal in Yoruba belief and maintain vigorous cults in Nigeria and in Cuba and Brazil as well.

What is Oya in Yoruba?

Oya is one of the seven primary orisha in the Yoruba religion, which originated in the Old Oyo Empire of Ancient Yorubaland, present-day Nigeria. The name Oya is defined by the action “she tore,” “O-ya” in Yoruba. The River Niger, the thunderbolt, fire, tornadoes, buffalo, and the wind represent this female orisha.

What is G in Yoruba?

G – gèlè 'headgear' GB - gbàgbá 'type of vegetable' H – haúsá 'Northern Nigerian' I – igi 'tree' J – jàgùdà 'thief' K – kàkàkí 'trumpet' L – labalábá 'butterfly' M – maalu 'cow' N – naira 'Nigerian currency' O – owo 'money'

What is a boy called in Yoruba?

ọmọkunrin. More Yoruba words for boy. ọmọkunrin noun. son. ọmọdekunrin.

What is the largest city in Yorubaland?

Ibadan District Council1961
Ibadan Municipal Government1989
• Metropolis3,080 km2 (1,190 sq mi)
23 more rows

How many Oba are there in Yorubaland?


Is Yoruba the biggest tribe in Nigeria?

The Yoruba people make up the second largest tribe, constituting an estimated 21% of the population. The Yoruba states are located in southwest and north central regions of Nigeria. However, Yoruba speakers can also be found in parts of nearby countries, such as Benin Republic and Togo.

How did Islam get to Yoruba land?

Islam in Ancient Yoruba is referred to as Esin Imale, which folk etymology states it comes from the word "Mali." The earliest introduction of the religion to that region was through Malian itinerant traders (Wangara Traders) around the 14th century.

Who turned Bible to Yoruba?

This 1850 edition of the Book of Romans, from the New Testament, is the first book of the Bible translated into Yoruba (a major language of Nigeria). The translator was Samuel Ajayi Crowther (c. 1807–91), a distinguished linguist, scholar and Anglican bishop who was born in what is now south-western Nigeria.

Are Yoruba people African?

The Yoruba people, one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa, have survived for centuries on the African continent. Evidence points to a powerful Yoruba kingdom in the eighth century in Ile-Ife.

Where did Yorubas originated from?

The Yoruba people and descendant are black people who occupies the south-western area of Nigeria in Africa. The origin and existence of the Yoruba race can be traced to their ancient father ODUDUWA who migrated from the ancient city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

Where did Yoruba race originated from?

The Yoruba are among the most storied groups in Africa. Their ancestral homeland cuts across present-day southwest Nigeria, Benin Republic and Togo in West Africa.

Which religion came first in Africa?

Christianity came first to the continent of Africa in the 1st or early 2nd century AD. Oral tradition says the first Muslims appeared while the prophet Mohammed was still alive (he died in 632). Thus both religions have been on the continent of Africa for over 1,300 years.

Who invented Yoruba?

The very first attempts to create something like a general written Yoruba language standard were undertaken by the British. The first written texts in Yoruba date back to the 17th century and the works of the members of a certain Christian society.

Who is the father of Yoruba?

His name, phonetically written by Yoruba language speakers as Odùduwà and sometimes contracted as Ooduwa, Odudua or Oòdua, is today venerated as that of "the hero, the warrior, the leader and father of the Yoruba race".

Is Yoruba from Benin related?

The two entities have no historical connection whatsoever. The Yoruba kingdoms of Benin and Ife sprang up between the 11th and 12th centuries. The present-day Benin monarch declared his ancestry from Oranmiyan through Ekaladerhan and direct to the Ogiso dynasty.

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